Bunions are common among women. The deformity may be caused by arthritis, or improper fitting of footwear. Women tend to wear dress shoes that are too small for their feet just to look great with the dress. As they squeeze their feet inside the narrow shoes, the bone on the side of the foot begins to protrude that gives birth to bunion. Bunion growth is thus a more serious condition than a development of a corn. Both can be very painful and inhibit walking. However the bunion, if severe, may need to be addressed surgically. The corn rarely ever requires surgical treatment.
A Cavus Foot Deformity is a term that describes a number of foot shapes, with the common factor being a “high arch”. This foot type changes the biomechanics of the foot during gait, causing an array of foot deformities and foot conditions, including bunions , callous formation and hammertoe deformities. Most people are born with a high arch, just as some people are born with flat feet. There are some neuromuscular diseases such as Charcot Marie Tooth Disease that cause a high arch, but we will discuss the mild to moderate type that are the most common.
When the feet are repeatedly exposed to pressure, most often caused by poor-fitting shoes or an inherited structural defect, irritating, unsightly and painful foot conditions, such as corns, calluses and bunions can form. Preventing the pressure that is causing the friction is key to avoiding and alleviating the symptoms that accompany calluses, corns and bunions. Generally simple at-home care and modifications of footwear can effectively treat and eliminate the pressure that is causing your foot problems. But when these treatments fail, it’s best to visit your Brooklyn podiatrist for professional care.
The most obvious symptom is the change in the angle of the toe. The first toe will start to lean or angle towards the second toe. People can be born with hallux valgus, and it can get worse over time. The bunion is the bony outgrowth that happens on the side of the foot near the first toe. A small bump is noticeable at first. The angle of the toe and the size of the bump can become more dramatic. Swelling, redness and pain will often be over the area of the bump. The swelling and pain may be felt across the whole of the toe joint as well.
Diagnosing arthritis often requires a detailed medical history of current and past symptoms, physical examination, x-rays, and blood work. It is possible to have more than one form of arthritis at the same time. Arch pain has often been described as a burning feeling or sensation in the long arch of the foot. There can be many causes for this, such as a strain to any one of the structures of the foot. However, the most common cause of arch pain has been found to be plantar fasciitis. All of these situations force the big toe to drift toward the little toes, and this can cause bunions to form. Symptoms
Wearing shoes that are too tight is the leading cause of bunions. Bunions are not hereditary, but they do tend to run in families, usually because of a faulty foot structure. Foot injuries, neuromuscular problems, flat feet , and pronated feet can contribute to their formation. It is estimated that bunions occur in 33 percent of the population in Western countries. Depending on the size of the enlargement, misalignment of the toe, and pain experienced, conservative treatments may not be adequate to prevent progressive damage from bunions. In these cases, bunion surgery, known as a bunionectomy , may be advised to remove the bunion and realign the toe.